Global Media and Information Literacy


“NOURISHING Trust: A Media and Information Literacy Imperative” is this year’s theme for Global Media and Information Literacy (MIL) Week. Initiated in 2012, Unesco leads the celebration during the last week, from October 24 to 31, in cooperation with the Unesco Alliance for Media and Information Literacy, Unesco-UNAOC Media and other partners. UNAOC refers to the “United Nations Alliance of Civilizations” which aims to enhance understanding and cooperation between nations and peoples across cultures and reduce polarization locally and globally.” It helps to developing more inclusive societies, in which diversity is experienced as an asset. . Who we are, what we do are considered assets. Unesco considers Global MIL Week as “a major opportunity for stakeholders to examine and celebrate the progress made towards “media and information literacy for all”. (

What is Global Media? The term “media” refers to all types of printed, electronic and digital means of communication (television, newspapers, radio, Internet). Global media refers to the global mass communication platform that stretches widely across the globe. Advances in digital technology in the 20th century enabled the Internet to make our world, as Marshall McLuhan calls it, a “global village”. This technology brings each of us, the users, closer together with “information and communications reaching thousands of homes despite geographical and cultural distances”. Today, we have become familiar with global media that enable people “to be united and integrated internationally through the exchange of worldviews”. The mixture of different channels and social media (Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Instagram, Messenger, TikTok, LinkedIn, etc.) has made “mass communication on a global scale”. The global media offer us “a wide variety of entertainment with mass or specialized appeal, communicating news and information, or displaying advertising messages. Generally, they provide news information that they broadcast worldwide “. This allows us to “share and access the same information with people around the world”. With a well-functioning internet, we can access transnational media networks and news services – Al-Jazeera, Nikkei, CNN, BBC World News, Euro News, Fox News, Reuters, etc. Along with all these types of social media, the world media platform offers its most important function – “disseminating news to the masses regarding vital events or important information”. However, although the media landscape has wonderfully transformed, the incidence of fake news compels us to understand what exactly media literacy is.

Today’s kind of information. The endless number of sources in many different formats via the web, mass media and published works that come to our attention provide varied and quality information as well. This reality makes information literacy important. As one source points out, “It is common to retrieve authoritative, current and reliable sources alongside biased, outdated, misleading or false sources. Moreover, such online research cannot always be managed effectively, which “makes information literacy skills important to master”. It is indeed fitting that this year’s Global Media and Information Literacy Week, hosted by Nigeria, “highlights the values ​​of trust and solidarity as the cement of social cohesion and social breakthroughs for the common good”. Most important is that the “trust factor” receives the attention it deserves. of the Secretary-General of Unesco, António Guterres, opportunely underlines that “the world community is called upon not only to reaffirm and increase its commitment in favor of media and information literacy for all but also to develop new initiatives on media and information literacy to nurture trust. Thus, Global MIL Week 2022 on Trust and Solidarity This theme highlights some promising actions related to media and information literacy…and how media and information literacy helps nurture trust and counter mistrust.” This theme “rightly concerns people, the media, digital platforms, governments, the private sector and non-governmental organizations.” (https://www.unesco .org/en/media-information-literacy-week)

Information literacy. Information literacy refers to “a set of capabilities that enables an individual to acquire, evaluate and use information”. Its five components are: “identifying, finding, evaluating, applying and recognizing sources of information”. A lifelong learning process, information literacy begins in high school, can improve in middle school, and develops as one grows. “While each skill is important individually, understanding how they fit together is essential to becoming an information literate person.” ( What is the link between information and literacy? Ojedokun (2007) hypothesized that “information literacy presupposes that an individual recognizes the need for information and knows how to find, evaluate, use, and then effectively communicate information to solve particular problems or make decisions. decisions”. Thus, improving one’s mastery of information “helps in one’s personal and professional life”. “It fosters problem-solving approaches and thinking skills, asks questions and seeks answers, finds information, forms opinions, evaluates sources and makes decisions – all of which fosters successful learners, effective contributors and confident individuals.” Information literacy helps us “recognize biases, understand context and evaluate information in order to [we] can use and communicate it effectively. His four skills — proficiency in information technology, ways of thinking, problem solving and communication (Google, November 2, 2015). This set of lifelong skills “has a significant impact on each person’s education, career, civic engagement and personal life”. (Google, September 18, 2019)

Take away food. There is no doubt that information literacy skills “are critical to success in our personal, professional and academic lives.” Back in college, we used these skills “to perform well on research papers, projects, and presentations.” At work [we] likely to “encounter situations where [we] must seek new information to make logical decisions.” At home, we are “constantly faced with solving consumer problems and forming opinions on social and political topics”. https://modernlibrarianmemoirs.wordpress. com/2013/02/15/information-literacy-in-the-real-world/)

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Teresita Tanhueco-Tumapon, PhD, one of the Philippines’ most accomplished educators and experts in the management of higher education institutions, studied at top universities in the Philippines and in Germany, Britain and Japan. She has held senior academic positions at Xavier University, Ateneo de Cagayan; was appointed by the president after the 1986 EDSA to standardize campus operations at state institutions and served 17 years later as president of SUC. She is the director of the internationalization office and a lecturer at Liceo University in Cagayan. Awards include the CHEd Lifetime Professional Achievement Award, the British Council Valuable Services Recognition Award, the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, and the Ministry of Education Award for his initiatives as a pioneer member of the Philippine Teacher Education Council.

E-mail: [email protected]


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